Low blood sugar or hypoglycaemia is a disorder of blood sugar metabolism. Hypoglycemia is the medical term for the condition in which blood glucose or blood sugar levels are lower than the normal and healthy levels. Glucose, which is one of the main sources of energy for the human body is mainly derived from carbohydrate rich foods. Foods like potatoes, rice, various fruits, the different cereals, and dairy products like milk and sweets are also rich sources of carbohydrates.
Under normal circumstances glucose that is present in foods is absorbed in to the bloodstream to be supplied to the body cells. The energy conversion process by which glucose is used for energy is regulated by insulin, which is a hormone produced in the pancreas. Our diets are often deficient or excessive in certain ingredients and even the healthiest diets will have some nutrient in abundance or lacking. If your glucose intake is higher than that required by your body then the excess is stored in the liver as glycogen. These are like glucose reserves that are used to meet the energy requirements of your body in between meals, in the absence of a fresh supply of energy. Extra glucose may also be converted to fat and stored in fat cells that can again be used as energy.
If there are low blood sugar levels, the pancreas release glucagon, which triggers the breakdown of glycogen by the liver for the release of glucose into the bloodstream. This will lead to a stabilization or normalization of blood sugar levels. In some individuals this response may be impaired and glucose levels cannot return to the normal range very easily. Low blood sugar signs and symptoms, with or without diabetes may develop very suddenly. In most cases low blood sugar is mild and can be easily addressed by simply consuming a small amount of glucose rich food or drinks.
Low Blood Sugar Causes
Excessive intake of refined carbohydrates
Low blood sugar is usually caused by an excessive intake of refined carbohydrates and sugary foods. These substances cause the pancreas, the adrenal glands, and the liver to lose their ability to handle the sugar properly.
Tumor or disturbed functoning of liver, pituitary gland
Other causes of low blood sugar are a tumour or a disturbed functioning of the liver, pituitary gland, or adrenal glands. Stress intensifies this condition.
Low Blood Sugar Symptoms
Craving for Sweets
A craving for sweets and starch in excessive amounts between meals is the first sign of a low blood sugar level.
Nervousness, Irritability, Fatigue
When the blood sugar level falls much below normal, symptoms such as nervousness, irritability, fatigue, depression, disturbed vision, and headaches appear.
Sweating, Trmbling, numbness
Other symptoms are sweating, trembling, numbness, absent-mindedness, dizziness, palpitations of the heart, and some sexual disturbances. Most hypoglycaemia patients feel hungry and eat frequently to get over the feeling of weakness and emotional irritability. They feel tense if they have to go without food for several hours. When the patient experiences any symptoms that indicate a fall in blood sugar, he should immediately take a heaped teaspoonful of sugar and then seek medical help.
Low Blood Sugar Remedies
Treatment for Low Blood Sugar using Vitamins
Certain vitamins have been found effective in the treatment of low blood sugar. These are vitamins C, E, and B complex. Foods rich in these vitamins are therefore valuable in low blood sugar. Vitamins C and B increase tolerance of sugar and carbohydrates, and help normalise sugar metabolism, Pantothenic acid and vitamin B6 help to build up adrenals which are generally exhausted in persons with low blood sugar. Vitamin E improves glycogen storage in the muscles and tissues. The patient should take vitamin C in large doses from 2,000 to 5,000 mg B6 - 50 mg, and vitamin E - upto 1600 IU daily.
Read more on Herbal Medicine for Diabetes.
Treatment for Low Blood Sugar using Apple
Apples are considered valuable in low blood sugar. Two small apples with their peels should be taken after each meal for treating this condition.
Treatment for Low Blood Sugar using Molasses
The use of molasses has been found very useful in low blood sugar. When blood sugar becomes abnormally low as a result of over exertion or under-nutrition, a glass of sherbet made of molasses will serve as a tonic and prevent the feeling of faintness. It serves the same purpose in the body as glucose.
Also read more on Home Remedies for Diabetes Mellitus
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