Alopecia areata (AA) is a recurrent disease, which can cause hairloss in any hair-bearing area. The most common type of alopecia areata presents as round or oval patches of hair loss most noticeably on the scalp or in the eyebrows. The hair usually grows back within 6 months to one year. Most patients will suffer episodes of hair loss in the same area in the future.
Those who develop round or oval areas of hair loss can progress to loss of all scalp hair (alopecia totalis). The cause of alopecia areata is unknown but commonly thought to be an autoimmune disorder (the body does not recognize the hair follicles and attacks them). Stress and anxiety are frequently blamed by patients as the cause of their hair loss. The most common treatment is with steroids (cortisone is one form) either topically or by injection.
The outcome of treatment is good when the alopecia areata process is present less than one year and poor, especially in adults, if the disease has been present for longer periods of time. Minoxidil (Rogaine®) can help to regrow hair. Surgical treatment of this disorder is not recommended. If you have questions concerning Alopecia areata, please contact an ISHRS physician.
Causes of Alopecia or Hair Loss:
Patchy hair loss in children and young adults, is called alopecia areata and is usually sudden in onset. This sometimes results in complete baldness, but in 90% of cases the hair returns within a few years. Alopecia universalis results in all the hair on the body falling out (including the eye brows and lashes) with a slight chance of regrowth, especially when it occurs in children. It is currently unknown why alopecia areata and alopecia unversalis occur. Although most cases of alopecia areata are resolved naturally, some doctors may try to speed recovery with hormone therapy or corticosteroid therapy. The treatment can be long and painful and may cause permanent scarring on the scalp brought on by atrophy.
There are many unatural causes for premature hair loss. Bleaching, dyeing, permanent waves, tight brading, blow drying, hot curlers, using hair picks and other chemical preparations can contribute to overall thinning by making hair weak and brittle and by causing the hair follicles to scar. In most cases the hair grows with proper care when the the source of the damage is removed. But severe damage to the scalp or follicles can cause permanent bald patches.
Temporary hair loss can be caused by a high fever, severe illness, thyroid disorders, vitamin deficiencies, drug treatment (like chemotherapy, anticoagulants and retinoids), beta blockers (to lower blood pressure)and oral contraceptives. It also can be caused by x-rays, scalp injuries and exposure to chemicals (including those to purify pool water, cleaning supplies and other chemical agents).
Remedies that promise to restore hair to a balding head have been around for centuries. Very little can atually be done to reverse the process. Preparations containing minoxidil appear to to provide moderate regrowth on balding spots, it seems to work better in younger people that have just started to lose their hair. More than 50% of minoxidil users claim that it thickens hair and slows future hairloss, but the one drawback is you must continue to use it or hair loss will continue. Some users experience skin irritation, resulting in further hair loss. A new oral drug called Propecia is currently on the market. It has shown marked success but with all medications, there are side effects and should be discussed with your doctor before being taken.
Hair transplantation involves the relocation of plugs of skin from parts of the scalp containing active hair follicles to bald areas. A form of cosmetic surgery called scalp reduction involves tightening the scalp so that hair-bearing skin from the back and sides of the had is pulled toward the crown. Like hair transplants, the process is both painful and expensive, it also does nothing to stop genetic or age-related hair loss.
For cosmetic reasons, many people turn to wigs, hair pieces and weaving or even tattooing to replace lost eye brows and eye lashes. You cannot reverse natural balding, but you can protect the hair you do have from damage that can lead to thinning. People who leave there hair its natural color and texture will end up with healthier hair. By using shampoo designed for your hair type and taking care of your hair you can help to keep the hair you have. Proper brushing can help to condition your hair by distributing its natural oils and protecting the hair follicles. Never brush your hair when it is wet, this put too much stress on the hair and can cause it to break or splinter. Remeber, because hair is not living tissue it cannot repair itself.
Home remedies for hair care
A diet rich in zinc should be followed, as the main cause of dry hair is the lack of mineral zinc.
Rosemary is an useful hair tonic and conditioner. Rosemary also aids retain color especially in dark hair.
Chamomile and lemon juice have a soft bleaching effect on hair. Mix chamomile tea with lemon juice and use as a clean to lighten hair. One of the good home remedies for hair care.
For troubles with dandruff, add rosemary and/or patchouli essential oils to your shampoo or mix with almond oil as a hair treatment for your scalp.
Wash hair with peppermint or spearmint tea to support hair growth.One of the best home remedies for hair care.
Use flat beer to help avoid spit ends do it once or 2 times a month but it straight on your hair, wrap it in a towel for 1 to 2 hours and rinse out. Apply raw egg and olive oil to avoid hair loss. One of the effective home remedies for hair care.
To a cup of coconut milk put in two tablespoons of gram flour. Apply on the scalp and massage softly. Wash the hair after five minutes. Use this practice one time in a week.
Find powerful herbal remedies Herbal Shampoo for Dandruff
Make a conditioner by mixing one tablespoon of castor oil, one tablespoon of glycerin, a teaspoon of cider vinegar, a teaspoon of protein to a tablespoon of soft herbal shampoo. Apply it on scalp and leave it on for 20-25 minutes and then wash the hair. One of the simple but useful home remedies for hair care.
Add a teaspoon of lavender oil to the coconut oil and heat it for a few seconds. Massage the scalp at night and then shampoo the hair in next morning. Follow this method twice a week for soft and shiny hair.
For hair growth apply coconut milk with aspirin and leave in hair for 2 hours then wash and wash hair.
A tea and beer rinse is one of the oldest habits to bring shine to your hair. Boil used tea leaves in sufficient water, let it cool and then use this liquid as the last rinse.
In the parallel fashion you can use flat beer (i.e. after letting the bubble out). This is a immense conditioner to be used for your hair.
To get that shine one can use honey to keep your scalp moisturized. You can make honey lotion for your hair by adding 3 teaspoons of honey for pint of water. One of the popular home remedies for hair care.
The use of henna as a natural conditioner proves to be very helpful for your hair. It helps to bring back the bounce and flair of your hair which has been deficient for quite a while. 15. For a enormous hair treatment/conditioner try 1 egg yoke, 1-2 Tbsp Olive Oil, and 2-3 drops Vitamin E. Merge these, wet hair, mix combination into hair. Let set for 3-5 minutes, feels/looks/smell strange but it works so fine and then wash out with shampoo.