Diarrhoea refers to the frequent passage of loose or watery unformed stools. This would generally imply that watery stools have been passed at least three or more times within a day. Diarrhea is one of the most common of all digestive problems and while diarrhea may occur independently it could also at times occur as symptom of a specific medical condition or disease that requires specific treatment. In most other cases, diarrhea although symptomatic, simply requires mild treatments, often with home remedies alone sufficing to treat the condition. Very often there may be no need for any treatment of diarrhea and the condition will resolve naturally within a day or two.
Symptoms of Diarrhoea
Water is Either not Absorbed or is Excreted in Excess
Diarrhoea may be acute or chronic. Commonly known as 'loose motions', it is one of the commonest diseases, particularly in India, in children. The small intestine normally gets more than ten litres of liquid per day which comes from the diet and from secretions of the stomach, liver, pancreas, and intestines. In the case of diarrhoea, water is either not absorbed or is excreted in excess. It is then sent to the colon whose water-holding capacity is limited. Thus the urge to defecate comes quite often.
Diarrhea symptoms are most obvious as it is hard to not notice the frequent passage of watery stools. Diarrhea would however typically cause other symptoms like abdominal pain and bloating as well. There may also be nausea and vomiting, but these symptoms of diarrhea may vary depending on the causes of diarrhea. Food poisoning would for example most likely cause vomiting as a symptom, while the consumption of excessively spicy food may just cause diarrhea along with abdominal pain and cramping. Depending on the causes of diarrhea the individual may even experience the passage of bloody stools and fever. The immediate treatment for diarrhea symptoms in a baby or in children should be to prevent dehydration.
Home Remedies for Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea treatment using Buttermilk
Buttermilk is one of the most effective home remedies in the treatment of diarrhoea. Buttermilk is the residual milk left after the fat has been removed from curd by churning. It helps overcome harmful intestinal flora. The acid in the buttermilk also fights germs and bacteria. Buttermilk may be taken with a pinch of salt three or four times a day for controlling this disease.
Diarrhoea treatment using Carrot Soup
Carrot soup is another effective home remedy for diarrhoea. It supplies water to combat dehydration; replenishes sodium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sulphur, and magnesium; supplies pectin; and coats the intestine to allay inflammation. It also checks the growth of harmful intestinal bacteria and prevents vomiting. Half a kilogram of carrots may be cooked in 150 ml of water until they become soft. The pulp should be strained and enough boiled water added to it to make a litre. Three-quarters of a tablespoon of salt may be added. This soup should be given in small amounts to the patient every half an hour.
Diarrhoea treatment using Fenugreek
Fenugreek leaves are useful in diarrhoea. One teaspoon of seeds which have been boiled and fried in butter should be taken with a cup of buttermilk twice daily. They are valuable in allaying biliousness. The seeds are also beneficial in the treatment of this disease.
Diarrhoea treatment using Ginger
In case of diarrhoea caused by indigestion, dry or fresh ginger is very useful. A piece of dry ginger should be powdered along with a crystal of rock salt, and quarter of a teaspoon of this powder should be taken with a small piece of jaggery. It will bring quick relief as ginger, being carminative, aids digestion by stimulating the gastrointestinal tract.
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Diarrhoea treatment using Mint
Mint juice is also beneficial in the treatment of diarrhoea. One teaspoon of fresh mint juice, mixed with a teaspoon each of lime juice and honey, can be given thrice daily with excellent results in the treatment of this disease.
Diarrhoea treatment using Bottle Gourd
The juice of bottle gourd is a valuable medicine for excessive thirst due to severe diarrhoea. A glass of plain juice with a pinch of salt should be taken every day in treating this condition.
Diarrhoea treatment using Drumstick Leaves
The juice of fresh leaves of drumstick is also valuable in diarrhoea. A teaspoon of this juice, mixed with a teaspoon of honey and a glass of tender coconut water, can be given two to three times as a herbal medicine in the treatment of diarrhoea.
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